Those who are interested in taking part of study abroad programs typically start of by enrolling themselves in one of many colleges/universities all over the United States and then make arrangements in attending classes from Universities or colleges of the host country.
Any credits that you earn during your studies overseas will be credited back to your home college or university to build up your bachelors or masters degree.
One of the programs that are well suited to many students over the United States is the summer course work In Australia. Many students prefer participating in this program because it fits in well with their summer time schedules allowing them time to participate in other academic activities over the regular year. There are many experts who live in-country who can offer you classes in various subjects.
It would typically take a whole semester for a student to familiarize themselves with the way of life, language and culture of the host country. Participation in extracurricular students would also help. Most of the students can stay within their colleges or universities through accommodations such as dormitories; some may also choose to secure their own accommodations in the surrounding area.
Financial assistance may also be given to overseas students who are experiencing financial difficulties while earning the needed credits to fulfill their desired degrees.
Not all study abroad programs can be credited to your home universities though. It is advisable to double-check with your college guidance counselor if the course you're interested in is accepted for crediting by your home college or university.